EU Climate Policy

EU Climate Change Policy and Legislation

Four videos to understand better EU Climate Action and Challenges

Impact of climate change on territories, adaptation and mitigation policies funding, available technologies to improve communities’ resilience: these are a few of the questions addressed by the EU Directorate-General for climate action (DG Clima) in a serie of four short films, “Climate Smart”. The films are available in English, with Georgian subtitles. 

Climate Smart: Understanding our world

 

Climate Smart: building our future – Climate Action in Europe

 

Climate Smart: improving our resilience

 

Climate Smart: funding our Action

 

 

Part I – EU Climate and Energy Package

 

General

  •        26 May 2010 – COM (2010) 265 – Communication: Analysis of options to move beyond 20% greenhouse gas emission reductions and assessing the risk of carbon leakage

    •       26 May 2010 – SEC (2010) 650 – Staff Working Documents accompanying the Communication: Analysis of options to move beyond 20% greenhouse gas emission reductions and assessing the risk of carbon leakage: Part I  – Part II

    •       23 Apr 2009 – Directive 2009/29/EC – Directive 2009/29/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 April 2009 amending Directive 2003/87/EC so as to improve and extend the greenhouse gas emission allowance trading scheme of the Community

    •       23 Apr 2009 – Decision 406/2009/EC – Decision No 406/2009/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 April 2009 on the effort of Member States to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions to meet the Community’s greenhouse gas emission reduction commitments up to 2020 (“Effort Sharing Decision”)

    •       23 Apr 2009 – Directive 2009/28/EC – Directive 2009/28/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 April 2009 on the promotion of the use of energy from renewable sources and amending and subsequently repealing Directives 2001/77/EC and 2003/30/EC (“Renewable energy Directive”)Summary

    •       23 Apr 2009 – Directive 2009/31/EC – Directive on the geological storage of carbon dioxide 

 

EU Emissions Trading Scheme (EU ETS)

Main EU ETS legislation

 

Implementation

    •       04/07/2013 – Amended Draft Regulation on determining international credit entitlements

    •       05/06/2013 – Draft regulation on determining international credit entitlements

    •       05/05/2013 Commission Regulation (EU) No 389/2013 of 2 May 2013 establishing a Union Registry pursuant to Directive 2003/87/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council, Decisions No 280/2004/EC and No 406/2009/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council and repealing Commission Regulations (EU) No 920/2010 and No 1193/2011 Text with EEA relevance

    •       18/11/2011 – Commission Regulation establishing a Union Registry for the trading period commencing on 1 January 2013, and subsequent trading periods, of the Union emissions trading scheme pursuant to Directive 2003/87/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council and Decision 280/2004/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council and amending Regulations (EC) No 2216/2004 and (EU) No 920/2010

    •       07/10/2010 – Commission Regulation (EU) No 920/2010 for a standardised and secured system of registries pursuant to Directive 2003/87/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council and Decision No 280/2004/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council – version not including changes brought by Regulation of 18 November 2011

    •       08/10/2008 – Commission Regulation (EC) No 994/2008 for a standardised and secured system of registries pursuant to Directive 2003/87/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council and Decision No 280/2004/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council – version applicable until 31 December 2011

    •       26/10/2007 – EEA Joint Committee Decision No 146/2007 linking the EU ETS with Norway, Iceland and Liechtenstein

    •       13/11/2006 – Commission Decision 2006/780/EC on avoiding DOUBLE COUNTING of greenhouse gas emission reductions under the Community emissions trading scheme for project activities under the Kyoto Protocol pursuant to Directive 2003/87/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council (notified under document number C(2006) 5362)

    •       21/12/2004 – Consolidated version of Commission Regulation (EC) No 2216/2004 for a standardised and secured system of registries amended by Commission Regulation (EC) No 916/2007 of 31 July 2007, Commission Regulation (EC) No 994/2008 of 8 October 2008 and Commission Regulation (EU) No 920/2010 of 7 October 2010 – version not including changes brought by Regulation of 18 November 2011  

 

 

Cap and allocation in the EU ETS

   

    •       2010/634/EU: Commission Decision of 22 October 2010 adjusting the Union-wide quantity of allowances to be issued under the Union Scheme for 2013 (second decision of the European Commission determining the CAP for 2013)

    •       2010/384/: Commission Decision of 9 July 2010 on the Community-wide quantity of allowances to be issued under the EU Emission Trading System for 2013 (first decision of the Commission determining the CAP for 2013)

     •       25/02/2014 – Commission Regulation EU No 176/2014 amending Regulation (EU) No 1031/2010 in particular to determine the volumes of greenhouse gas emission allowances to be auctioned in 2013-2020

    •       25/02/2014 – Consolidated Auctioning Regulation

    •       13/11/2013 – Commission Regulation (EU) No 1143/2013 – Amending Regulation (EU) No 1031/2010 on the timing, administration and other aspects of auctioning of greenhouse gas emission allowances pursuant to Directive 2003/87/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council establishing a scheme for greenhouse gas emission allowances trading within the Community in particular to list an auction platform to be appointed by Germany Text with EEA relevance

    •       12/11/2010 – Commission Regulation (EU) No 1031/2010 – Timing, administration and other aspects of auctioning of greenhouse gas emission allowances pursuant to Directive 2003/87/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council establishing a scheme for greenhouse gas emission allowances trading within the Community (“Auctioning Regulation”), as amended by Commission Regulation (EU) No 1210/2011 of 23/11/2011

     •       07/11/2012 – Commission Regulation (EU) No 1042/2012 amending Regulation (EU) No 1031/2010 to list an auction platform to be appointed by the United Kingdom 

    •       31/08/2012 – Commission Regulation (EU) 784/2012 – Amending Regulation (EU) No 1031/2010 to list an auction platform to be appointed by Germany and correcting Article 59(7) thereof  

 

Free Allocation based on benchmarks

 

     •       22/10/2013 – Calculations for the determination of the cross-sectoral correction factor in the EU ETS in 2013 to 2020(311 kB)

    •       05/09/2013 – 2013/448/EU – Commission Decision concerning national implementation measures for the transitional free allocation of greenhouse gas emission allowances in accordance with Article 11(3) of Directive 2003/87/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council

    •       05/09/2013 - 2013/447/EU – Commission Decision on the standard capacity utilisation factor pursuant to Article 18(2) of Decision 2011/278/EU

    •       27/04/2011 - 2011/278/EU – Decision 2011/278/EU – determining transitional Union-wide rules for harmonised free allocation of emission allowances pursuant to Article 10a of Directive 2003/87/EC 

 

Carbon Leakage

 

     •       18/12/2013 – C (2013) 9186 – Commission Decision amending Decisions 2010/2/EU and 2011/278/EU as regards the sectors and subsectors which are deemed to be exposed to a significant risk of carbon leakage

    •       17/08/2012 – C (2012) 5715 – Commission Decision amending Decisions 2010/2/EU and 2011/278/EU as regards the sectors and subsectors which are deemed to be exposed to a significant risk of carbon leakage

    •       11/11/2011 – 2011/745/EU – Commission Decision amending Decisions 2010/2/EU and 2011/278/EU as regards the sectors and subsectors which are deemed to be exposed to a significant risk of carbon leakage

    •       27/04/2011 – 2011/278/EU – Commission Decision determining transitional Union-wide rules for harmonised free allocation of emission allowances pursuant to Article 10a of Directive 2003/87/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council (notified under document C(2011) 2772)

    •       24/12/2009 – 2010/2/EU – Commission Decision determining a list of sectors and subsectors which are deemed to be exposed to a significant risk of carbon leakage 

 

Monitoring, Reporting and Verification (MRV)

 

    •       05/03/2014 – Commission Regulation (EU) 206/2014 amending Regulation (EU) No 601/2012 as regards global warming potentials for non-CO 2 greenhouse gases

    •       05/03/2014 – Corrigendum to Commission Regulation 601/2012 on the monitoring and reporting of greenhouse gas emissions pursuant to Directive 2003/87/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council

    •       21/06/2012 – Commission Regulation 601/2012 on the monitoring and reporting of greenhouse gas emissions pursuant to Directive 2003/87/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council

    •       21/06/2012 – Commission Regulation 600/2012 on the verification of greenhouse gas emission reports and tonne-kilometre reports and the accreditation of verifiers pursuant to Directive 2003/87/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council Text with EEA relevance

    •       21/06/2012 – SWD(2012) 177 – Impact Assesment accompanying the Commission Regulation 601/2012 and Commission Regulation 600/2012

 

Monitoring and Reporting Regulation (MRR): Guidance and templates

 

    •       22/11/2012 – Guidance document No. 1 – The Monitoring and Reporting Regulation – General guidance for installations

                ◦       Template No. 1: Monitoring plan for the emissions of stationary installations

                ◦       Template No. 4: Annual emissions report of stationary source installations

                ◦       Template No. 7: Improvement report for stationary installations

                ◦       Unreasonable costs determination tool

                ◦       Exemplar checklist for assessing installation MPs

                ◦       Exemplar monitoring plan

                ◦       Exemplar improvement report

                ◦       Exemplar monitoring plan update

    •       11/10/2012 – Guidance document No. 2 – The Monitoring and Reporting Regulation – General guidance for aircraft operators 

                ◦       Template No. 2: Monitoring plan for the emissions of aircraft operators

                ◦       Template No. 3: Monitoring plan for the tonne-kilometre data of aircraft operators

                ◦       Template No. 5: Annual emissions report of aircraft operators

                ◦       Template No. 6: Tonne-kilometre data report of aircraft operators

                ◦       Template No. 8: Improvement report for aircraft operators

    •       17/10/2012 – Guidance document No. 3 – Biomass issues

    •       11/10/2012 – Guidance document No. 4 – Uncertainty Assessment

                ◦       GD No. 4a – Exemplar Uncertainty Assessment (for an installation with low emissions)

    •       11/10/2012 – Guidance document No. 5 – Sampling and Analysis

                ◦       Frequency of Analysis Tool

                ◦       GD No. 5a – Exemplar Sampling Plan

    •       17/10/2012 – Guidance document No. 6 – Data flow activities and control system

                ◦       GD No. 6a – Risk assessment and control activities – examples

                ◦       Tool for operator risk assessment 

 

Accreditation and Verification Regulation (AVR): Guidance and templates

 

    •       11/10/2012 – The Accreditation and Verification Regulation – Explanatory Guidance Document No.1

                ◦       Quick guide on the role of the verifier and the CA

                ◦       Quick guide on verification for operators and aircraft operators

    •       13/08/2012 – Guidance document – Key guidance note II.1 on the scope of verification

    •       12/07/2012 – Guidance document – Key guidance note II.2 on risk analysis

                ◦       Risk analysis example No. 1

                ◦       Risk analysis example No. 2

    •       29/10/2012 – Guidance document – Key guidance note II.3 on process analysis

    •       22/11/2012 – Guidance document – Key guidance note II.4 on sampling

                ◦       Risk analysis with verification sampling plan example

    •       29/10/2012 – Guidance document – Key guidance note II.5 on site visits concerning installations

                ◦       Site visit waiver risk assessment exemplar

    •       12/07/2012 – Guidance document – Key guidance note II.6 on the verification report

                ◦       Verification report template

                ◦       Exemplar verification report for an installation

                ◦       Exemplar verification report for an aircraft operator

    •       11/10/2012 – Guidance document – Key guidance note II.7 on competence of verifiers

    •       11/10/2012 – Guidance document – Key guidance note II.8 on the relation between EN ISO 14065 and AVR

                ◦       Good practice on application of EN ISO 14065: Management system

                ◦       Good practice on application of EN ISO 14065: Impartiality and independence

    •       11/10/2012 – Guidance document – Key guidance note II.9 on the relation between EN ISO/IEC 17011 and AVR

    •       11/10/2012 – Guidance document – Key guidance note II.10 on information exchange

                ◦       Information exchange template No. 1 – Notification template (Article 76 AVR) from the verifier to the National Accreditation Body/National Certification Authority (by 15 November each year)

                ◦       Information exchange template No. 2 – Work programme (Article 70(1) AVR) from the National Accreditation Body/National Certification Authority to the Competent Authority (by 31 December each year)

                ◦       Information exchange template No. 3 – Management report (Article 70(3) AVR) from the National Accreditation Body/National Certification Authority to the Competent Authority (by 1 June each year)

                ◦       Information exchange template No. 4 – Information exchange (Article 72 AVR) from the Competent Authority to the National Accreditation Body/National Certification Authority (recommended by 30 September each year)

    •       29/10/2012 – Guidance document – Key guidance note II.11 on certification

    •       28/10/2013 – Guidance document – Key guidance note II.12 on time allocation in verification

                ◦       Man-day guidance tool for NABs/NCAs

    •       22/11/2012 – The Accreditation and Verification Regulation – Verification Guidance for EU ETS Aviation (GD III)

                ◦       Addendum: Quick guide to verification of small emitters (EU ETS Aviation) 

 

Joint MRR and AVR Guidance

 

    •       20/12/2013 – Guidance document No.7 – The Monitoring and Reporting Regulation and Accreditation and Verification Regulation – Continuous Emissions Monitoring Systems (CEMS)

    •       20/12/2013 – Conservative estimate of emissions

                ◦       Making conservative estimates for emissions in accordance with Article 70

                ◦       ETS Compliance Forum Task Force Monitoring Working Paper on data gaps and non-conformities

    •       20/12/2013 – Review of the annual emissions report and verification report

                ◦       Combined M&R and A&V guidance on reviewing AER and VRs

                ◦       Risk profiling tool for AER review 

 

Data exchange formats

 

    •       Description of the EU ETS reporting language

    •       Technical schema

                ◦       Change Specification   (pdf version)

                ◦       XSD-schema for EUETSRequest

                ◦       XSD-schema for EUETSReport

                ◦       XML-schema for EUETSRequest

                ◦       XML-schema for EUETSReport

                ◦       Code lists document   (pdf version)

                ◦       Optionality Specification   (pdf version)

    •       Visual representations

                ◦       Tree view representations of EUETSRequest

                ◦       Tree view representation of EUETSReport

                ◦       Entity-Relationship Diagrams (ERD’s) EUETSRequest

                ◦       Entity-Relationship Diagrams (ERD’s) EUETSReport

                ◦       Data elements structure and semantical descriptions (pdf version)

 

Registry Regulation

 

Revision of the EU ETS

 

Effort Sharing Decision

Part II – 2030 Framework

General

European Council conclusions

    •       21/03/2014 – European Council 20/21 March 2014 – Conclusions

Communication and other documents

    •       21/03/2014 – Climate and energy priorities for Europe: the way forward

    •       22/01/2014 - COM(2014) 15 - Communication: A policy framework for climate and energy in the period from 2020 to 2030

    •       22/01/2014 - SWD(2014) 15 -

     •       22/01/2014 - SWD(2014) 16 – Executive summary of impact assessment

    •       22/01/2014 – COM(2014) 21 – Communication on energy prices and costs in Europe

    •       22/01/2014 – SWD(2014) 20 - Report on energy prices and costs

    •       22/01/2014 - IP/14/54 – 2030 climate and energy goals for a competitive, secure and low-carbon EU economy         

Green Paper

    •       27/03/2013 – COM(2013) 169 – Green Paper: A 2030 framework for climate and energy policies

Part III – 2050 Roadmap

Communications

    •       COM (2011) 112: A Roadmap for moving to a competitive low carbon economy in 2050 (08 Mar 2011)

                ◦       SEC (2011) 287: Evaluation of the online stakeholder consultation (08 Mar 2011)

                ◦       SEC (2011) 288: Impact Assessment (08 Mar 2011)

                ◦       SEC (2011) 289: Summary of the Impact Assessment (08 Mar 2011)

    •       COM (2011) 109: Energy Efficiency Plan 2011(121 kB)  (08 Mar 2011)

    •       COM (2010) 677: Communication “Energy infrastructure priorities for 2020 and beyond – A blueprint for an integrated European energy network” (17 Nov 2010)

    •       COM (2010) 265: Communication “Analysis of options to move beyond 20% greenhouse gas emission reductions and assessing the risk of carbon leakage” (26 May 2010)

Other documents

    •       EUCO 2/11: European Council on energy, Presidency conclusions (04 Feb 2010)

Part IV – COP21 and the Paris Agreement

Communications

  • Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament and the Council, The Road from Paris: assessing the implications of the Paris Agreement and accompanying the proposal for a Council decision on the signing, on behalf of the European Union, of the Paris agreement adopted under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (COM(2016) 110 final)

Other documents

 

Adaptation to Climate Change in the EU – Policy Documents

Adaptation Strategy

 

    •       18/06/2013 – Council conclusions on the EU Adaptation Strategy

    •       16/04/2013 – EU Adaptation Strategy Package

 

 

White Paper

    •       01/04/2009 – COM/2009/0147 – White Paper on adapting to climate change

    •       01/04/2009 – SEC/2009/0387 – Impact assessment on the White Paper on adapting to climate change

    •       01/04/2009 – SEC/2009/0388 – Executive summary of the impact assessment

    •       01/04/2009 – Citizens’ summary on the White Paper

    •       01/04/2009 – Discussion paper on agriculture

    •       01/04/2009 – Discussion paper on health

    •       01/04/2009 – SEC/2009/0386 – Policy paper on Water, Coasts and Marine issues

 

 

EU Adaptation Strategy Package

    •       30/07/2013 – SWD (2013) 299 – Principles and recommendations for integrating climate change adaptation considerations under the 2014-2020 European Maritime and Fisheries Fund operational programmes

    •       18/06/2013 – Council conclusions on the EU Adaptation Strategy

    •       16/04/2013 – COM (2013) 216 – An EU Strategy on adaptation to climate change

    •       16/04/2013 – SWD (2013) 131 – Summary of the Impact Assessment

    •       16/04/2013 – SWD (2013) 132 – Impact Assessment Part 1

    •       16/04/2013 – SWD (2013) 132 – Impact Assessment Part 2

    •       16/04/2013 – COM (2013) 213 – Green paper on the insurance of natural and man-made disasters

    •       16/04/2013 – SWD (2013) 133 – Climate change adaptation, coastal and marine issues

    •       16/04/2013 – SWD (2013) 136 – Adaptation to climate change impacts on human, animal and plant health

    •       16/04/2013 – SWD (2013) 137 – Adapting infrastructure to climate change

    •       16/04/2013 – SWD (2013) 138 – Climate change, environmental degradation and migration

    •       16/04/2013 – SWD (2013) 135 – Technical guidance on integrating climate change adaptation in programmes and investments of Cohesion Policy

    •       16/04/2013 – SWD (2013) 139 – Principles and recommendations for integrating climate change adaptation considerations under the 2014-2020 rural development programmes

    •       16/04/2013 – SWD (2013) 134 – Guidelines on developing adaptation strategies

The Road from Paris: assessing the implications of the Paris Agreement andaccompanying the proposal for a Council decision on the signing, on behalf of theEuropean Union, of the Paris agreement adopted under the United Nations FrameworkConvention on Climate Change